Ugni Blanc, cépage du Cognac

Ugni Blanc, Cognac grape

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Ugni Blanc, also known as Trebbiano in Italy, reigns supreme in the vineyards of Cognac and Armagnac. This grape variety, resistant to diseases and remarkably productive, lies at the heart of the production of prestigious French spirits. Discover its fascinating history and its undeniable influence in the world of eaux-de-vie.

    6 products

    Ugni Blanc, Cognac grape

    Ugni Blanc, also known as Trebbiano in Italy, is the dominant grape variety in the vineyards of Cognac and Armagnac, representing 98% of plantations in the Cognac region. Its prevalence can be attributed to several remarkable characteristics. Firstly, Ugni Blanc exhibits exceptional resistance to diseases, a major asset in viticulture. Moreover, this grape variety is distinguished by its high acidity and productivity, essential qualities for producing high-quality spirits, particularly the renowned digestifs such as Cognac and Armagnac.

    Italian Origins and History

    The history of Ugni Blanc is deeply rooted in Italian viticulture, where it is known as Trebbiano. This grape variety was introduced to France in the 14th century and gradually gained popularity. Prior to the arrival of Ugni Blanc, Folle Blanche was the preferred grape variety for Cognac production. However, the phylloxera epidemic in the late 19th century devastated vineyards across Europe, leading to the widespread replacement of Folle Blanche with Ugni Blanc. The latter, grafted onto resistant rootstocks, revitalized vineyards and ensured stable, high-quality production.

    Associations with Other Grape Varieties

    While Ugni Blanc predominantly dominates the vineyards of Cognac and Armagnac, it is sometimes blended with other grape varieties to diversify the aromatic profiles of the eaux-de-vie. Among these grape varieties are Baco, Colombard, and Folle Blanche.

    -Baco: Derived from a cross between Folle Blanche and Noah, Baco is primarily used in Armagnac production. It contributes roundness and fruity aromas, complementing the acidity of Ugni Blanc.

      

    -Colombard: Known for its floral aromas and freshness, Colombard enhances the aromatic bouquet of eaux-de-vie when blended with Ugni Blanc.

      

    -Folle Blanche: Although less commonly used today, Folle Blanche can still be found in some vineyards, imparting delicate floral notes to blends.

    Wines Made from Ugni Blanc

    Apart from being distilled into eaux-de-vie, Ugni Blanc is also used to produce dry white wines. These wines, from the Côtes de Gascogne appellation, are characterized by their freshness and vivacity. The aromatic profiles of Ugni Blanc wines often feature notes of citrus, green apple, and white flowers. Their natural acidity makes them perfect accompaniments to seafood and light dishes.

    Ugni Blanc, or Trebbiano, is a fundamental grape variety in the production of Cognac and Armagnac, thanks to its qualities of disease resistance, acidity, and productivity. Its history, marked by adaptation to viticultural crises and its replacement of Folle Blanche, underscores its robustness and adaptability. Paired with other grape varieties such as Baco, Colombard, and Folle Blanche, Ugni Blanc continues to set the standards for French eaux-de-vie. Finally, in winemaking, it gives rise to fresh and aromatic wines, demonstrating its versatility and importance in viticulture.